After the recent 2016 presidential election, terms like “voter fraud” were thrown about often. But what constitutes voter fraud and how likely is it to actually happen? Voter fraud is when a person has tampered with the voting process. The most common types of voter fraud are double voting, false registration, forgeries and perjury. However, one type makes up a majority of the cases. Thanks to the Interstate Voter Registration Crosscheck Program run by Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach, we now know that of all the types of voter fraud to take place, double voting is the most likely to occur.
The types of double voting that aren’t caught until after the elections arise because an individual has managed to register to vote in two of more states (most often because of moving), meaning that they will look like legitimate votes until checked against the Interstate Registry. Even with this system in place, however, it has become clear that intentional voter fraud is “pretty much nonexistent,” according to David Wells, senior political-science lecturer at Arizona State University, “and not something that sways elections.” And after the 2016 elections, only 30 cases of voter fraud were presented to the Arizona Attorney General’s Office, the majority of which were accidental. To read more on voter fraud and the cases found in Arizona, turn to AZ Central.